Ioannina Revealed: A Cultural and Natural Marvel in Northern Greece


A complete travel guide to Ioannina, by the team at Greeklist.

1. Travelling to Ioannina

Nestled within the scenic embrace of Epirus in Northern Greece, Ioannina, also known as Giannena, is a captivating city that seamlessly blends history, culture, and natural beauty. This enchanting destination, also known as the “Silver City” due to its stunning lakeside setting, invites travellers to embark on a journey of discovery like no other. With a history dating back centuries and a wealth of cultural treasures, Ioannina is a place where the past harmoniously coexists with the present.

From its picturesque lake and vibrant old town to its rich Byzantine and Ottoman heritage and the warmth of its hospitable locals, Ioannina is a hidden gem waiting to be explored. Whether you seek history, adventure, or tranquillity, Ioannina promises an unforgettable experience that will leave a lasting impression on your heart and soul.

2. Brief History of Ioannina

Ioannina’s history is rich and diverse, spanning over millennia. It was originally founded in antiquity and later served as a crucial centre during the Byzantine Empire. However, the city truly rose to prominence during the late medieval period when it became the capital of the Despotate of Epirus, under the rule of the influential Byzantine ruler Michael I Komnenos Doukas. Ioannina reached its zenith during the late 18th century when Ali Pasha, a powerful Ottoman governor, established his rule over the region. Under his leadership, Ioannina became a thriving cultural and economic hub.

During the Greek War of Independence in the early 19th century, Ioannina played a pivotal role. The city was eventually liberated from Ottoman rule in 1913, during the Battle of Bizani, becoming an integral part of modern Greece. Today, Ioannina stands as a testament to its enduring history, offering visitors a glimpse into its rich past and the stories of its remarkable transformation.

Ancient Ruins of Ioannina
Ancient Ruins of Ioannina
Michael I Komnenos
Michael I Komnenos
Ali Pasha
Ali Pasha
Battle of Bizani
Battle of Bizani

3. Getting to Ioannina from United Kingdom

To travel from the United Kingdom to Ioannina, you have several options. The most common way is to take a flight to Ioannina National Airport (IOA) from London. Airlines such as British Airways, Ryanair, and Aegean Airlines operate routes to Ioannina. The flight duration is approximately 3 to 4 hours. Book your tickets from Skyscanner.

Alternatively, you can also fly to nearby airports such as Thessaloniki or Athens and then take a domestic flight or bus to Ioannina.

4. Best Time to Visit Ioannina from the UK

The best time to visit Ioannina, Greece, from the United Kingdom is during the spring, summer, and early autumn months. Spring (April to June) offers mild weather and vibrant landscapes. Summer (July to August) is ideal for swimming in Lake Pamvotis and enjoying the city’s lively atmosphere but tends to be crowded. Early autumn (September to October) provides pleasant temperatures with fewer tourists.

For a comprehensive 10-day forecast, check

5. Top Destinations and Attractions in Ioannina

Ioannina is a captivating city known for its rich history, stunning natural landscapes, and vibrant cultural heritage. With its Byzantine-era castle, serene Lake Pamvotis, and historic sites tied to the Ottoman era, Ioannina beckons travellers to explore its unique blend of past and present. Whether wandering through ancient theatres, cruising on tranquil waters, or delving into the city’s silversmithing tradition, visitors are sure to be enchanted by the charm and character of Ioannina.

Here are the top-12 destinations and attractions in Ioannina:

  • Ioannina Castle (Kastro): This well-preserved Byzantine castle offers panoramic views of the city and Lake Pamvotida. It’s a great place to explore history and enjoy the scenery.
  • Pamvotida Lake: The largest lake in Epirus is famous for its tranquil waters, lush surroundings, and the small island of Nissi (Ioannina Island), which is home to monasteries and traditional villages.
  • Ali Pasha Museum: Located on Ioannina Island, this museum is dedicated to the life and legacy of Ali Pasha of Tepelena, an important figure in the region’s history.
  • Silversmithing Museum: Ioannina has a long history of silversmithing, and this museum showcases the art and craftsmanship of local silverworkers.
  • Ioannina Archaeological Museum: It houses a significant collection of artifacts from the region, spanning from prehistoric to Roman times.
  • Jewish Synagogue and Jewish Quarter: Discover the historical Jewish community of Ioannina and its synagogue, which is one of the oldest in Greece.
  • Zosimaia Library: Visit this historic library, which houses a vast collection of books and manuscripts.
  • Frontzou Mansion: Visit this 19th-century mansion showcasing traditional Epirotic architecture.
  • Byzantine Museum of Ioannina: Explore the Byzantine art and culture through a diverse range of exhibits.
  • Ioannina Clock Tower: Climb the clock tower in the heart of the city for panoramic views and immerse yourself in the charming atmosphere of the old town.
  • Cathedral of Saint Athanasios: Admire the beautiful frescoes and architecture of this Orthodox cathedral
  • Municipal Ethnographic Museum of Ioannina: Experience the traditional way of life in Epirus through exhibits of clothing, tools, and household items
  • Fethiye Mosque:Once Ali Pasha’s palace mosque, it now offers stunning views and whispers of history
Castle of Ioannina
Castle of Ioannina
Lake Pamvotida
Lake Pamvotida
Zosimaia Library
Zosimaia Library
Ioannina Clock Tower
Ioannina Clock Tower
Frontzou Mansion
Frontzou Mansion
Cathedral of Saint Athanasios
Cathedral of Saint Athanasios
Ali Pasha Museum
Ali Pasha Museum
Jewish Synagogue
Jewish Synagogue
Fethiye Mosque
Fethiye Mosque

6. Cuisine and Dining in Ioannina

Visiting local restaurants in Ioannina promises not just a culinary journey but also an exploration of the rich cultural tapestry that defines this charming Greek city. Ioannina’s culinary scene is deeply rooted in the traditions of Epirus, offering a delightful array of dishes that showcase the region’s unique flavours and locally-sourced ingredients.

Here are our top-10 restaurants in Ioannina:

  • iValori Osteria: Italian, Neapolitan, Mediterranean Cuisine
  • Metsovitiki Folia: Steak House, Barbeque, Greek Cuisine
  • Bakalogatos Ioannina: Greek, European & Healthy Cuisine, Vegan & Vegetarian Options
  • Chrysanthos Family Taverna: Steakhouse, Mediterranean, Greek Cuisine, Vegan & Vegetarian Options
  • Thamon: Greek & Mediterranean Cuisine, Wine Bar, Vegan & Vegetarian Options
  • I Dodoni:Greek & Mediterranean Cuisine, Vegan & Vegetarian Options
  • Presveia: Greek, Mediterranean & Central European Cuisine, Vegan & Vegetarian Options
  • To Magazaki pou Legame: Greek, Mediterranean & Healthy Cuisine, Vegan & Vegetarian Options
  • Balsamico: Greek, Mediterranean & Healthy Cuisine, Vegan & Vegetarian Options
  • No Ties: Italian Cuisine, Pizza, Wine Bar, Vegan & Vegetarian Options

For more excellent restaurants in Ioannina, check Tripadvisor.

The must try dishes in Ioannina

While being in Ioannina, don’t miss to taste these Greek delicacies:

  • Kleftiko: A classic Greek dish that honours the art of slow-cooking lamb. Infused with garlic, lemon, and oregano, the lamb is encased in a clay oven, resulting in exquisite tenderness and a symphony of rich flavours.
  • Yiouvetsi: A delectable creation traditionally featuring lamb or goat and our local pasta, either “kritharaki” (orzo) or “hilopites” (small square noodles). The ingredients are bathed in a luscious tomato sauce, enhanced with allspice, cinnamon, cloves, and bay leaves.
  • Kokoretsi: An authentic dish composed of skewered and grilled offal, typically lamb or goat intestines, delicately seasoned with an array of herbs and spices. This distinctive and flavorful delicacy is often relished during festive celebrations.
  • Baklava: Arguably the most renowned Greek dessert, baklava is a sweet pastry meticulously crafted with layers of phyllo dough. Filled with finely chopped nuts, commonly walnuts or pistachios, and sweetened with honey or syrup, it delights the palate with a hint of cinnamon and cloves.

There are many other Greek dishes, so check out our guide in Greek Cuisine!

8. Nightlife in Ioannina

Ioannina’s nightlife blends tradition with a modern flair, offering a unique experience in northwestern Greece. The city’s old town comes alive in the evening with traditional Greek tavernas serving local delights accompanied by live music. Meanwhile, contemporary bars and clubs cater to a younger crowd, providing a more modern and upbeat atmosphere. The city’s picturesque waterfront around Lake Pamvotida adds to the charm, offering a tranquil setting for evening strolls and waterfront cafes.

Here are the top nightlife places in Ioannina:


Discover more nightlife places in Ioannina, on Tripadvisor!

8. Everyday Activities in Ioannina

Ioannina offers a mix of everyday activities that allow you to immerse yourself in the local culture, explore the city’s surroundings, and enjoy the laid-back lifestyle. Here are some everyday activities you can engage in while in Ioannina:

  • Morning Walk by Lake Pamvotis: Start your day with a leisurely stroll along the lake’s promenade. Enjoy the serene views, watch the fishermen, and take in the fresh air.
  • Explore the Old Town: Wander through the narrow streets of Ioannina’s Old Town. Discover charming boutiques, traditional craft shops, and hidden gems.
  • Visit a Local Market: Experience the vibrant local markets, like the Saturday market, where you can find fresh produce, local delicacies, and handmade crafts.
  • Boat Trip to the Island of Ali Pasha: Take a boat ride to the island on Lake Pamvotis. Visit the Ali Pasha Museum and enjoy the tranquillity of the surroundings.
  • Attend a Folk Festival: Check the local events calendar for concerts, theatre performances, or art exhibitions happening in Ioannina.
  • Take a Cooking Class: Immerse yourself in the local cuisine by taking a cooking class. Learn to prepare traditional dishes with fresh, local ingredients.
  • Relax in a Lakeside Park: Spend a relaxing afternoon in one of the lakeside parks, such as Katsari Park, where you can have a picnic or simply enjoy the natural surroundings
  • Watch the Sunset: End your day by watching the sunset over Lake Pamvotis. Find a peaceful spot to enjoy the changing colours of the sky.
  • Visit the Ioannina Castle: Explore the Ioannina Castle and enjoy panoramic views of the city and the surrounding landscape.
  • Water Sports in Pamvotida Lake: From kayaking and paddleboarding to serene boat rides, immersing yourself in the natural beauty of this stunning destination.
  • Hiking in the Zagori Region: Explore pristine landscapes, cross historic stone bridges, and marvel at the breathtaking Vikos Gorge, one of the deepest in the world.
Lake Pamvotida Sunset
Lake Pamvotida Sunset
Folk Festival
Folk Festival
Hiking in Zagori
Hiking in Zagori
Morning walk in Pamvotida Lake
Morning walk in Pamvotida Lake

9. Day Trips in Ioannina

Ioannina’s strategic location in the Epirus region makes it a great starting point for various day trips to explore the surrounding areas, each offering its own unique charm. Here are some day trip options from Ioannina:

  • Vikos Gorge and Papingo Villages: Venture to Vikos Gorge, one of the deepest gorges in the world, and explore the traditional stone-built villages of Papingo and Mikro Papingo. Hike through the gorge or enjoy the scenic landscapes.
  • Metsovo: A picturesque mountain town known for its stone architecture and local products. Visit the Averoff Gallery, taste Metsovone cheese, and explore the charming streets.
  • Zagorochoria Villages: Discover the Zagori region, known for its traditional stone villages. Each village has its own character, and you can explore the stone bridges, monasteries, and scenic trails.
  • Dodoni Archaeological Site: Visit the ancient site of Dodoni, known for its well-preserved theatre and oracle. Explore the archaeological remains and enjoy the peaceful surroundings.
  • Perama Cave: Take a short trip to Perama and explore the stunning Perama Cave, known for its impressive stalactite formations. Guided tours are available to enhance the experience.
  • Tzoumerka Villages: Visit the Tzoumerka region, characterised by its lush landscapes and charming villages like Syrrako and Kalarrites. Enjoy the traditional architecture and local hospitality.
  • Kipina Monastery: Located in the Tzoumerka region, Kipina Monastery is built into the rock face. Explore the monastery and enjoy panoramic views of the surrounding mountains.
  • Parga: Head to the coastal town of Parga, known for its colourful houses, Venetian castle, and beautiful beaches. Take a stroll in the town or relax by the sea.
  • Preveza: Explore the seaside town of Preveza, known for its historical sites, including the ancient Nikopolis. Enjoy the waterfront promenade and visit nearby archaeological attractions.
  • Messolonghi: A historic town located in western Greece, known for its significant role in the Greek War of Independence
  • Zagori Region: Wander through traditional villages, and hike scenic trails, immersing yourself in Greece’s natural beauty and its picturesque landscapes.
  • Meteora Monasteries: A captivating place where monasteries perched atop towering rock formations offer a glimpse into the spiritual and awe-inspiring landscapes of central Greece
Perama Cave
Perama Cave
Kipina Monastery
Kipina Monastery

10. Accommodation Options in Ioannina

Ioannina offers a variety of accommodation options to suit different preferences and budgets. Whether you prefer a boutique hotel with traditional charm, a modern city hotel, or a cozy guesthouse, you’ll find several choices in and around the city.

Here is our selection accommodation options in Ioannina:

Find more Greeklist exclusive Hotel deals for Ioannina and HotelBrain here!

11. Local Transportation and getting around in Ioannina

Ioannina offers various transportation options for getting around locally. Here are some common modes of local transportation in Ioannina:

  • Buses: Ioannina has a well-developed bus network that connects different parts of the city and its surrounding areas.
  • Taxi: Taxis are readily available in Ioannina and can be hailed on the street or hired from designated taxi stands.
  • Car Rentals: Renting a car can be a convenient option if you prefer flexibility in your travel schedule. Several car rental agencies operate in Ioannina, offering a range of vehicles for short-term or long-term rental.
  • Bicycles: Ioannina is a relatively bike-friendly city, and you can find bike lanes and paths in certain areas.
  • Walking: The city centre of Ioannina is pedestrian-friendly, with narrow streets, historic sites, and various shops and cafes. Walking is an excellent way to explore the charming streets and discover hidden gems.

12. Safety and Travel Tips for Ioannina

When embarking on your journey to Ioannina, ensuring your safety is paramount, and optimising your travel experience is key.

Here are some indispensable safety and travel pointers:

  • Emergency Numbers: Save these emergency numbers:
  1. the local police (100),
  2. medical emergency (166)
  3. fire department (199).
  4. British Embassy in Athens (+302107272600)
  • Medical: Acquaint yourself with the whereabouts of medical facilities and pharmacies in the area as a precautionary measure. While we wish you a healthy and incident-free visit, it’s always prudent to be prepared.
  • Language: Even though English is commonly spoken, learning a few basic Greek phrases can enrich your experience and demonstrate your respect for the local culture. Starting with “Kalimera!” (Good morning) is a friendly way to connect with the locals during your visit.
  • Secure Your Valuables: Like in any other tourist destination, be cautious with your belongings. Use hotel safes to store passports, money, and valuable items. Carry only what you need when exploring the city.
  • Transportation Safety: If you’re renting a car, be aware that Greek roads may be winding and mountainous. Drive cautiously, and follow local traffic rules.
  • Weather Considerations: Be prepared for various weather conditions depending on the time of year. Winters can be cold and snowy, while summers are hot. Check the weather forecast and pack accordingly.
  • Electrical outlets:  For British travellers visiting Greece, it’s essential to bring a travel adapter with Europlug Type C or Type F to ensure your electronic devices can be powered without any issues.
  • Greek Coffee:  Taste the rich and aromatic flavours of Greek coffee, a timeless tradition served in small cups that embody the spirit of hospitality and meaningful conversations.
  • Natural Hazards: Ioannina is surrounded by natural beauty. If you plan outdoor activities, be cautious of potential risks like slippery trails or steep terrain. Ensure you have the appropriate gear.
  • Cultural Respect: Greece is a country with strong cultural values. Dress modestly when visiting religious sites like monasteries and churches.
  • Currency Considerations: The official currency is the Euro (EUR), widely accepted via credit cards, but it’s advisable to carry some cash for minor transactions, with ATMs conveniently available throughout the city.
  • Local Laws and Regulations: Familiarise yourself with local laws and regulations, including those related to smoking, littering, and public behaviour.

13. Ten F.A.Q.s for Ioannina

Here are some frequently asked questions (FAQs) for Ioannina:

  • How do I get to Ioannina?

Ioannina has its own airport, Ioannina National Airport (IOA), with domestic flights. Alternatively, you can reach Ioannina by bus from major Greek cities or by driving from neighboring areas.

  • What are the must-visit attractions in Ioannina?

Don’t miss the historic Ioannina Castle, the serene Lake Pamvotida with its island, Nissi, and the vibrant old town filled with shops and restaurants. The Ali Pasha Museum and the Perama Cave are also popular attractions.

  • Is it safe to drink tap water in Ioannina?

Yes, tap water in Ioannina is generally safe to drink. However, some people prefer bottled water for taste reasons.

  • Are credit cards widely accepted in Ioannina?

Yes, credit cards, including Visa and MasterCard, are widely accepted in hotels, restaurants, and shops. However, it’s a good idea to carry some cash for smaller establishments and markets.

  • Who was Pyrrhus of Epirus, and what is his connection to Ioannina?

Pyrrhus of Epirus was a famous ancient Greek general and king. He was born in Epirus, the region where Ioannina is located. While he is not directly associated with Ioannina, his historical significance adds to the region’s heritage.

  • What role did Ioannina play during the Greek War of Independence?

Ioannina was a key battleground during the Greek War of Independence in the early 19th century. It was a stronghold of Ottoman rule and was eventually captured by Greek forces, contributing to Greece’s struggle for independence.

  • Do they really have “hidden treasures” in Ioannina?

The legend of Ali Pasha’s hidden treasure adds a touch of mystery to Ioannina’s history. While many have searched for it, it remains a legend, making it a fun topic for curious travelers.

  • What does the name “Ioannina” mean?

The name “Ioannina” (Ιωάννινα in Greek) is derived from the Greek name “Ioannis,” which is the equivalent of “John” in English. “Ioannina” essentially means “the place of Ioannis” or “John’s place.”

  • What outdoor activities can I enjoy in Ioannina?

Ioannina is surrounded by natural beauty. You can go hiking in the Zagori region, explore the Vikos Gorge, or enjoy water sports on Lake Pamvotida. In winter, there are skiing and snowboarding opportunities in the nearby mountains.

  • What is the traditional music of Ioannina?

The region of Ioannina has a rich musical heritage, and traditional Epirotic music is prevalent. Instruments like the greek clarinet (klarino) and the tambourine are commonly used in local music. You can often enjoy live traditional music performances in local tavernas.

14. Conclusion

Ioannina, is a city that seamlessly blends history, culture, and natural beauty. With its rich historical tapestry, characterised by Ottoman and Byzantine influences, Ioannina invites visitors to explore its well-preserved fortress, old town, and archaeological sites. The city’s connection to figures like Ali Pasha and Lord Byron adds an extra layer of historical allure.

Whether wandering through its old town, savouring local flavours, or embarking on day trips to the surrounding wonders, Ioannina offers a multifaceted experience that captivates the senses and creates lasting memories!

Ioannina by night

Also, don’t miss to check our travel guides to Athens, Thessaloniki, Crete, Santorini, Nafpaktos and Mykonos!

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